Freight Broker vs Dispatcher: A Comprehensive Comparison

For those new to the logistics industry, you might be confused regarding the difference between a FREIGHT BROKER vs DISPATCHER?

The main difference between a freight broker and a dispatcher is simple and lies in who they work for. Brokers work on behalf of and are paid by shippers, while truck dispatchers work for and are compensated directly by the motor carrier.

Let’s take a little deeper dive so we help you to better understand the similarities and differences between a freight broker vs dispatcher.

What is a dispatcher?

Independent dispatchers, also known as truck dispatchers, work with trucking companies to find loads for truck drivers to haul, coordinate shipments, and help streamline carrier operations for owner operators and small motor carriers.

They are the middle men between freight brokers and truck drivers. Dispatchers can either be independent contractors or W-2 employees of a trucking company.

Good dispatchers make it easier for a trucking company and owner operators to find available loads and schedule pickup and delivery appointments, especially while truck drivers are on the road. 

How does a dispatcher get paid? 

Independent dispatchers are compensated directly by the trucking company for helping them find loads and negotiate the best rates on their behalf.

Industry averages for independent dispatcher pay range from 5 – 10% of amount paid to the carrier for the load.

Example: Broker pays carrier $2,000 to haul load. Carrier pays dispatcher $100 – $200 commission depending on agreed upon compensation plan.

What is a freight broker?

A freight broker is licensed by the FMCSA and acts as a middle man between shippers needing transportation services and asset based trucking companies willing to haul the load.

A freight brokers job mainly consists of finding reliable carriers to haul their shipping customers freight. They then manage and monitor the freight from pickup thru to deliver.

Freight brokers save shippers time by leveraging their expertise, technology and a their network of trucking companies and owner operators. They ensure freight delivers on time and in good condition, with no damage.

How does a freight broker get paid?

Unlike dispatchers, freight brokers invoice shippers for their service and directly pay carriers for hauling the loads. The difference between the amount they are paid by the shipper and the cost to haul the load, is their profit.

Click Here to Learn How Much Top Freight Brokers Can Make!

Freight brokers typically earn between 10-20% gross profit per load they manage for their clients.

Example: Shipper pays broker $2,000 to move load. Broker then pays carrier between $1,600 and $1,800. Leaving a profit of $200 – $400 for the broker.

What is the difference between a freight broker and a freight dispatcher?

While freight broker and independent dispatchers are similar, there are key differences you need to understand. The main difference between a freight broker and dispatcher is who they work for.

Freight brokers work for and are compensated by shippers, while dispatchers work for and are compensate by trucking companies and owner operators.

Another difference is the fact that freight brokers are both bonded and licensed by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration.

On the other hand, independent dispatchers do not require a license but they are strictly prohibited from acting as a broker. Unauthorized brokering can lead to a $10,000 fine per incident.

Dispatchers and brokers are NOT competitors, the reality is they can be complementary roles in the transport and logistics industry. 

Difference Between A Freight Broker vs Dispatcher

Can you be a freight broker and dispatcher at the same time?

The short answer is YES. 

The long answer is much more complicated. 

The hard part about being both a broker and a dispatcher is the potential for a conflict interest.

The fact is, you can not represent both sides in a transaction, so how would you determine who exactly you are working for on any given transaction?

Another issue might be the confusion for both the shipper and the motor carriers. When you are speaking to the carrier are you acting as their dispatcher or as a broker? Same goes for shippers.

If you are considering operating as a both a licensed freight broker and an independent dispatch service, here are some things to consider.

1) Set up different LLC’s,

2) Different companies names

3) Different phone #’s

4) Do NOT commingling finances

5) Follow FMCSA ruling as it related to independent dispatching.

*This is not legal or financial advice just my personal opinion.

Which job is best for me?

When choosing to become a freight broker or a dispatcher, you need to look at your goals and needs. At first glance, it might not be clear which job is right for you. 

You’ll want to do your homework and learn all you can about the industry and each job. Look at the roles and responsibilities of both freight brokers and dispatchers and decide the one that best fits your goals.

On a personal note, I think a freight brokerage has a much bigger upside financially. Which can later be sold to a or handed down to family members as part of your retirement strategy.

Whichever you decide to pursue I am pulling for you and look forward to hearing your success story down the road.

DENNIS BROWN
Owner, CEO

Dennis Brown the freight broker, is the owner of FreightBrokerBootCamp.com and former CEO of Logistic Dynamics, Inc. (LDi) one of North Americas fastest growing logistics providers. Dennis has over 25 years of hands on experience as an entrepreneur and is widely regarded as an expert in logistics, freight brokerage, business growth strategies and B2B sales and marketing. Dennis became a freight broker in 2003, as a one man operations with NO industry experience . He went on to do over $200 million as a freight broker, eventually selling the freight brokerage to spend more time with his family. Dennis Brown has trained over 10,000 students, in 16 different countries, how to become a freight broker or freight agent. Many of his students have went on to build highly successful and highly profitable freight broker businesses.

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